Top European Union Exports and Imports by Country

Top European Union Exports and Imports by Country

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9 minute read | By Springhill Team

Last updated: June 30, 2023 | Published: June 16, 2023

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Top EU exports and Import

The European Union (EU) is one of the world’s largest trading blocs, and its member states export and import goods and services worth billions of euros every year. Despite the economic and logistical challenges brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic, the EU’s export and import industry has remained strong, showing notable growth and resilience over recent years. 

In this blog, we will explore the leading European Union exports and imports by country as well as some other interesting facts about the EU’s economic activities.

 

Most Exported and Imported Products from EU Member States 

 

Now comprising 27 member states, the EU was established to promote economic and political cooperation between nations. As a trading bloc, it seeks to promote free trade, create a single market for goods and services, and increase economic integration. The EU operates as a single market, which means that member states can trade goods and services freely without tariffs or barriers. 

Based on data published in the World Factbook, we have compiled a summary of the top commodities exported and imported by each EU member state:

 

 

Exports Imports
1. Austria Vaccines and cultures, cars, packaged medicines, vehicle parts, and broadcasting equipment Cars, vehicle parts, broadcasting equipment, refined petroleum, and packaged medical supplies
2. Belgium Vaccines and cultures, cars, packaged medicines, refined petroleum, diamonds, and natural gas Cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, medical cultures/vaccines, diamonds, and natural gas
3. Bulgaria Copper, wheat, electricity, refined petroleum, and packaged medicines Crude petroleum, copper, cars, packaged medicines, and refined petroleum
4. Croatia Refined petroleum, crude petroleum, packaged medicines, electricity, and electrical transformers Crude petroleum, cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, and electricity
5. Cyprus Ships, recreational boats, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, and cheese  Refined petroleum, ships, cars, coal tar oil, and packaged medicines
6. Czech Republic Cars and vehicle parts, computers, broadcasting equipment, office machinery and parts, and insulated wiring Broadcasting equipment, cars and vehicle parts, office machinery/parts, computers, and packaged medicines
7. Denmark Packaged medicines, pork, refined petroleum, electric generators, and cheese Cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, crude petroleum, and broadcasting equipment
8. Estonia Broadcasting equipment, coal tar oil, refined petroleum, cars, prefabricated buildings, and lumber Cars, refined petroleum, coal tar oil, broadcasting equipment, and packaged medicines
9. Finland Refined petroleum, kaolin-coated paper, cars, lumber, stainless steel, and wood pulp Crude petroleum, cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, and packaged medicines
10. France Aircraft, packaged medicines, cars and vehicle parts, wine, beauty products, and gas turbines Cars, crude petroleum, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, and aircraft machinery
11. Germany Cars and vehicle parts, packaged medicines, medical cultures/vaccines, aircraft, industrial machinery, and medical instruments Cars and vehicle parts, packaged medicines, broadcasting equipment, medical cultures/vaccines, and computers
12. Greece Refined petroleum, packaged medicines, aluminium plating, cotton, cheese, and copper piping Crude petroleum, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, cars, and ships
13. Hungary Cars and vehicle parts, electric batteries, video displays, packaged medicines, spark-ignition engines, and broadcasting equipment Cars and vehicle parts, integrated circuits, packaged medicines, broadcasting equipment, and crude petroleum
14. Ireland Vaccines and cultures, packaged medicines, nitrogen compounds, integrated circuits, scented mixtures, and medical instruments Aircraft, computers, packaged medicines, refined petroleum, and medical cultures/vaccines
15. Italy Packaged medicines, cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, vaccines and cultures, jewellery, and valves Crude petroleum, automobiles, packaged medicines, natural gas, and refined petroleum
16. Latvia Lumber, whiskey and other hard liquors, broadcasting equipment, wheat, and packaged medicines Refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, cars, packaged medicines, and aircraft
17. Lithuania Refined petroleum, furniture, cigarettes, wheat, and polyethylene Crude petroleum, cars, packaged medicines, refined petroleum, and electricity
18. Luxembourg Iron and iron products, tyres, cars, broadcasting equipment, and clothing and apparel Cars, refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, scrap iron, and aircraft
19. Malta Integrated circuits, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, children’s toys and stuffed animals, and postage stamps Refined petroleum, recreational boats, ships, aircraft, and coal tar oil
20. Netherlands Refined petroleum, packaged medicines, broadcasting equipment, photography equipment, and computers Crude petroleum, refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, computers, and cars
21. Poland Cars and vehicle parts, seats, furniture, electric batteries, and computers Cars and vehicle parts, crude petroleum, packaged medicines, broadcasting equipment, and office machinery/parts
22. Portugal Cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, leather footwear, tyres, and paper Crude petroleum, cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, and natural gas
23. Romania Cars and vehicle parts, insulated wiring, refined petroleum, electrical control boards, and seats Cars and vehicle parts, crude oil, packaged medicines, insulated wiring, and broadcasting equipment
24. Slovakia Cars and vehicle parts, video displays, broadcasting equipment, tyres, and refined petroleum Cars and vehicle parts, broadcasting equipment, crude oil, natural gas, and insulated wiring
25. Slovenia Packaged medicines, cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, electrical lighting/signalling equipment, and electricity Packaged medicines, cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, delivery trucks, and electricity
26. Spain Cars and vehicle parts, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, delivery trucks, clothing and apparel Crude petroleum, cars and vehicle parts, packaged medicines, natural gas, and refined petroleum
27. Sweden Cars and vehicle parts, packaged medicines, refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, and lumber Cars and vehicle parts, crude petroleum, refined petroleum, broadcasting equipment, and computers

Other Interesting Facts about EU Trade

Now that you have a good grasp of the top European Union exports and imports by country, it’s time to explore some interesting facts about trade in the EU.

 

1. Top 5 EU import and export products

According to data, the top five products imported into the EU as of 2022 are as follows:

  • Mineral fuels, oils and distillation products (27%)
  • Electrical and electronic equipment (13%)
  • Machinery, nuclear reactors and boilers (9.5%)
  • Vehicles (4%)
  • Organic chemicals (3.7%)

Meanwhile, the top five exported products are: 

  • Machinery, nuclear reactors and boilers (15%)
  • Pharmaceutical products (11%)
  • Vehicles (10%)
  • Electrical and electronic equipment (8.6%)
  • Mineral fuels, oils and distillation products (7%)

 

2. Main EU trading partners

 

As one of the world’s largest trading blocs, the EU exchanges products and services with a wide range of countries across the globe. In fact, according to the European Commission Directorate-General for Trade, the EU’s largest trading partners are the United States, China, Switzerland, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Russian Federation. The United Kingdom has also become a major trading partner after withdrawing from the European trading bloc in 2021. 

Meanwhile, the top destinations for EU goods are: 

  • US (18%)
  • UK (13%)
  • China (10%)
  • Switzerland (7%)
  • Russian Federation (4%)

 

3. Germany: Europe’s largest exporter of goods

As one of the largest economies in the world, Germany has always been known as Europe’s trading powerhouse. In 2021, it was still the EU’s leading exporter, accounting for 20.1% of all European exports. After Germany came the Netherlands and then Italy, accounting for 8.5% and 7.5% of European exports, respectively.

 

EU Exports and Imports: Fuelling the Global Economy 

From luxury goods to agricultural products, the EU is a significant contributor to global trade, and its exports and imports have a considerable impact on the world economy. By analysing the top EU exports and imports, we can gain a valuable insight into the trading activities and economic performance of each member state. 

If you require any expert assistance moving goods to and from the EU, our team of specialists at Good Logistics will be only too happy to help. If you have any questions, please feel free to get in touch.

adam reid
Author
Adam Reid
European Business Development Manager,
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